I often get asked how entrenched CSR/corporate social responsibility is in America. Afterall, CSR activities and behavior are an important driver of reputation. From my travels, I used to think that CSR was more deeply embedded in European company thinking but over the past few years, I've come to think that CSR has taken a greater hold in U.S. companies. Therefore I was particularly interested in hearing how CFOs regard the importance of CSR, the ones who have to sign the checks for embarking on this critical reputation-building initiative. With CSR, once companies start the process, there is no turning back. We gladly saw during the financial collapse of the past few years, that companies did not abandon their CSR efforts. They may not have grown their efforts but they certainly held steady. This speaks to the power of the commitment from the top, including CFOs. A survey by Duke University's Fuqua School of Business and CFO Magazine Global Business among senior finance executives across six continents recently reported that U.S. CFOs regard the importance of CSR to a lesser extent than their global peers. Nearly half rate CSR/sustainability (51%) as important in their business strategies compared to their counterparts in Europe (63%), Asia (67%), LatAm (76%) and Africa (83%). When asked why they engage in CSR activities, the top reasons according to the sample of U.S. chief financial officers are:
- It's the right thing to do (66%)
- To improve external reputation, brand or image (61%)
- To improve internal good will, employee morale, employee hiring/retention (49%)
- In response to legal/regulatory requirements 27%)
- To improve cost efficiencies (14%)
- It increases customer demand (13%)
- Helps drive innovation (11%)
- To improve the bottom line (10%)
Interestingly, doing well by doing good and corporate reputation are at the top. CFOs in the U.S. are surely getting CSR religion. They are finally seeing that helping the world is the right thing to do and improves company reputation and also helps drive the best talent your way. I was a bit surprised that CFOs did not realize the growing relationship between what customers are now demanding from companies in the way of sustainable behavior and their own CSR initiatives. As we have repeatedly pointed out at Weber Shandwick, the link between customer expectations of responsible companies and their willingness to buy those companies' products and services is stronger than ever. I am confident, however, that the interdependence between corporate responsibility and customer purchase decision-making will only grow in the years ahead.
The ongoing Duke University research provides good fodder for realizing that U.S. CFOs have a ways to go in realizing the importance of CSR and how it positively improves the bottom line. That's where the BIG divide exists.